Ph.D. Defense: Eugene Mangortey

Tue Oct 20 2020 11:00 AM to 12:00 PM
BlueJeans
Development of A Big Data Framework for the Analysis and Assessment of Daily Airport Operations

You're invited to attend the

 

Ph.D. Defense

 

by

 

Eugene Mangortey

(Advisor: Dr. Dimitri Mavris)

 

"Development of A Big Data Framework for the Analysis and Assessment of Daily Airport Operations"

 

Tuesday, October 20
11:00 a.m.
Blue Jeans (https://bluejeans.com/363317363)

 

Abstract:
Tremendous progress has been made over the last two decades towards modernizing the National Airspace System (NAS) by way of technological advancements, and the introduction of procedures and policies that have maintained the safety of the United States airspace. However, as with any other system, there is a need to continuously address evolving challenges pertaining to the sustainment and resiliency of the NAS. One of these challenges involves efficiently analyzing and assessing daily airport operations for the identification of trends and patterns to inform better decision making so as to improve the efficiency and safety of airport operations. Efforts have thus been made by stakeholders in the aviation industry to categorize airports as a means to facilitate the analysis of their operations. However, a comprehensive, repeatable, and robust approach for this is lacking. In addition, these efforts have not provided a means for stakeholders to assess the impacts and effectiveness of traffic management decisions and procedures on daily airport operations.

Consequently, this dissertation addresses these gaps through a set of methodologies that 1) leverage unsupervised Machine Learning algorithms to categorize daily airport operations, 2) leverage a supervised Machine Learning algorithm to determine the category that subsequent daily airport operations belong to, 3) facilitate the comparison of similar and different daily airport operations for the identification of trends and patterns, 4) enable stakeholders to analyze and assess the impacts and effectiveness of traffic management decisions and procedures on daily airport operations, and 5) develop a Big Data framework to facilitate the efficient and secure extraction, processing and storage of airport data needed for the analysis and assessment of daily airport operations.

The developed framework automates the flow of data from extraction through storage, and enables users to track the flow of data in real time. It also facilitates data provenance by logging the history of all processes and is equipped with the capability to log errors and their causes, and to notify analysts via email whenever they occur. In addition, it scales well and has the capacity to facilitate the analysis and assessment of the daily operations of all airports in the NAS. Indeed, this framework will be one of the first of its kind to be deployed into the FAA's Enterprise Information Management platform, and will serve as a template for leveraging cloud-based services and Big Data technologies to improve operations in the NAS. Finally, this framework will enable FAA analysts to analyze and assess daily airport operations in an efficient manner to facilitate the identification of trends and patterns for better decision making, which will lead to improved airport operational performance.

 

Committee:

  • Dr. Dimitri Mavris – School of Aerospace Engineering (advisor)
  • Dr. Olivia Pinon Fischer – School of Aerospace Engineering
  • Prof. Daniel Schrage – School of Aerospace Engineering
  • Mr. Tom Tessitore – Federal Aviation Administration
  • Mr. Mike Paglione – Federal Aviation Administration

Location

BlueJeans